Climate change: The cascade effect
Cascading impacts and implications for Aotearoa New Zealand
The impacts of increases in temperature, rainfall, sea levels and extreme events will cascade across all sectors of society. Our assets, communities and social and economic interactions will all be affected.
As the effects of these changes become more frequent through flooding, coastal inundation and drought, we’ll have less time to recover and there will be cumulative consequences. In addition, as different sectors respond to the changes, there is potential for impacts to compound through the economy.
The Deep South Challenge focusses on four major climate-related impacts: extreme weather events, drought, changes in average weather patterns and sea level rise. The flow-on effects of these changes and their interactions raise many interrelated questions for decision makers and planners at all levels of decision making and across all sectors, such as:
- How will sea level rise affect transport links regionally, coastal communities and the infrastructure on which they depend?
- How will changes in seasonal temperatures affect fruit growers, their business, their access to ports and airports, and how will this in turn impact local and national economies?
The interconnected – or cascading – social and economic impacts are the focus of this research, which builds on the Climate Change Impacts and Implications (CCII) work completed in 2016. Working with local government, infrastructure and financial sectors, the research involved system scoping and impacts assessment, three stakeholder workshops across New Zealand, and the development and refinement of cascading impact maps.
By understanding the cascading nature of the impacts of climate change, decision makers will be better able to plan, adapt and manage risks.
This project in the media:
- New Zealand needs transformational change for a changing climate, Stuff
- The Cascade Effect: Re-thinking climate resilience, Nine to Noon, Radio NZ
- New Zealand’s response to climate change disasters needs a rethink, Three News
- Long-term thinking needed on climate change, Stuff NZ
- ‘Significant proportion’ of New Zealanders under threat of sea level rise, The AM Show
- Adapting to climate change, Radio NZ
- Government lacks ‘coordinated plan’ for climate change, withheld report shows, Stuff
- Hotter weather will change New Zealand forever, RadioNZ
- The cascading impacts of climate change, Newsroom
Nicholas Cradock-HenryManaaki Whenua Landcare Research
Benjamin NistorNZ Climate Change Research Institute, Victoria University of Wellington
Judy LawrenceNZ Climate Change Research Institute, Victoria University of Wellington